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发布于:2019-7-3 19:21:55  访问:4 次 回复:0 篇
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Office For Metropolitan Architecture
Their very first major project was the utopian/dystopian project Exodus, or the Voluntary Prisoners of Architecture (1972 ). This task proposed a direct structure, cutting through London like a knife. Other projects included City of the Captive Globe (1974 ), Hotel Sphinx (1975 ), New Welfare Island/Welfare Palace Hotel (1975-- 76), Roosevelt Island Redevelopment (1975)-- all \"paper\" jobs that were not (meant to be) built, and all situated in Manhattan, the topic of Koolhaas`s book Delirious New York, A Retroactive Manifesto for Manhattan (1975 ).
The founding of OMA corresponded with the firm`s entry in the architectural style competitors for a new Dutch parliament structure in The Hague in 1978, with Zaha Hadid. OMA was one of the first-prize winners (among some 10 others), and the project was commonly talked about and released. The entry for the Dutch parliament competitors was the first of a series of effective and controversial international competitors entries by OMA in the 1980s that were not constructed by OMA.
OMA in the 1980s
OMA`s first major commissions were The Netherlands Dance Theatre (1981) in The Hague and IJ-Plein Urban preparation (1981-- 1988) in Amsterdam. Due to change of area a second style for the Dance Theater was made in 1984. Once finished in 1987, the structure received international attention. [citation needed] Although complete of \"first errors\", the Dance Theater is the very first understood design in which the ideas of Rem Koolhaas were made obvious. IJ-plein is located at Amsterdam`s IJ, a river that serves as the city`s waterfront, opposite the city. The master plan consists of 1,300 homes and a number of facilities. OMA developed the school, the neighborhood center, and two blocks of real estate.
The 2nd-- arguably the most full-grown style of OMA up until that date-- was Villa Dall` Ava in Paris (1984-- 1991). The customer, according to Koolhaas, asked for a \"work of art\". Lots of delays pestered the home that it \"became a record of our own (OMA`s) growing up\".
Numerous studies were made during the late 1970s and 1980s: Study for the renovation of a panopticon prison in Arnhem in 1979, Boompjes tower slab in Rotterdam (1979 ), Housing for Berlin IBA (1980, not understood, and the reason OMA would not develop anything in Berlin any longer in the 20th century, the Dutch Embassy Building being the return), [citation needed] master strategy for a world exhibit in Paris (1983 ). A lot more essential nevertheless were the competitors entries OMA created in this period. They acquired the workplace international fame (but not one style was actually built). [citation needed]
OMA in the 1990s
Throughout these years OMA also realized ambitious projects, varying from personal residences to large scale metropolitan plans: Villa dall` Ava, Paris, France (1991 ), Nexus Housing, Fukuoka, Japan (1991 ), the Kunsthal, Rotterdam (1992 ).
The Euralille (1994 ), a 70-hectare company and civic center in Lille, northern France comprising the European center for high-speed trains, transformed an once inactive center of more than 50 million residents into a site offering connection, and a variety of modern activities. [citation required] In 1999 OMA completed the Maison à Bordeaux, a rental property for a customer in the hills outside Bordeaux, France. [3] The rental property`s most striking feature is a platform in the very center of the home that moves freely between the three floorings and permitted the customer to move with his wheelchair on all three levels of the villa. [citation required] The design was conceived in collaboration with engineer Cecil Balmond.
OMA in the 21st century
OMA was awarded the contract for the Seattle Central Library, completed in 2005, regardless of not having actually been on the list of companies initially invited to send designs. Previous Seattle homeowner Joshua Prince-Ramus, a partner, spoken with his mom about the conference for interested companies at the last minute and flew in from the Netherlands. This 11-story glass and steel structure is a striking addition to the Seattle cityscape.
In Asia OMA recently completed the massive Central China Television Headquarters structure in Beijing, and the brand-new structure for the Shenzhen Stock Exchange is presently under construction. In January 2009 OMA won the competitors to construct a performing arts centre in Taipei and in June 2009 the office of metropolitan architecture won the competitors to develop \"Crystal Island\", a transport and cultural hub in the centre of Shenzhen.
In October 2011, the Barbican Art Gallery released their exhibit \"OMA/Progress\", the very first major presentation of OMA`s operate in the UK, curated by Belgium-based creative cumulative Rotor.
OMA (and Rem Koolhaas) are popular for controversial tasks such as the proposal to adjust part of the Museum of Modern Art into an advertising area entitled MoMa Inc
.
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The founding of OMA coincided with the firm`s entry in the architectural style competitors for a brand-new Dutch parliament building in The Hague in 1978, with Zaha Hadid. OMA was one of the first-prize winners (amongst some 10 others), and the task was extensively discussed and released. The entry for the Dutch parliament competition was the first of a series of questionable and successful worldwide competition entries by OMA in the 1980s that were not built by OMA.
Much more essential however were the competitors entries OMA created in this period. Throughout these years OMA also understood enthusiastic projects, varying from private residences to large scale urban strategies: Villa dall` Ava, Paris, France (1991 ), Nexus Housing, Fukuoka, Japan (1991 ), the Kunsthal, Rotterdam (1992 ).
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